Changes between Version 43 and Version 44 of ReportLOTdemo


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07/20/06 17:24:06 (13 years ago)
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tarmo
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  • ReportLOTdemo

    v43 v44  
    2020== Abstract == 
    2121 
    22 Collaborative learning challenges both teachers and learning material in a new way. In the design of online learning object templates we have attempted to answer those challenges, supporting teachers as they learn to function in collaborative learning situations. We do this by providing templates that guide teachers to author material that has a clear pedagogical function in a collaborative learning environment, and also allowing the teachers themselves to collaborate in authoring this material, thus experiencing collaborative work for themselves. The resulting learning objects of these templates are designed for maximum accessibility and versatility, so they can be used in various different learning scenarios, from classroom learning to distance learning, or field trips. We present the rationale and design results of the first three online learning object authoring templates that will be supported by the upcoming LeMill system (deliverables D3.3 and D3.4 of CALIBRATE). 
     22Collaborative learning challenges both teachers and learning material in a new way. In the design of online learning object templates we have attempted to answer these challenges, supporting teachers as they learn to function in collaborative learning situations. We do this by providing templates that guide teachers to author material that has a clear pedagogical function in a collaborative learning environment, and also allowing the teachers themselves to collaborate in authoring this material, thus experiencing collaborative work for themselves. The resulting learning objects of these templates [NEED TO EXPLAIN BETTER] are designed for maximum accessibility and versatility, so they can be used in various learning scenarios, from classroom learning to distance learning, or field trips. In this report we present the rationale and design results of the first three online learning object authoring templates that will be supported by the upcoming LeMill system (deliverables D3.3 and D3.4 of CALIBRATE). 
    2323 
    2424== Introduction == 
    2525 
    26 This report presents the rationale behind the design of learning object templates that will be implemented in the LeMill server software (deliverables D3.3 and D3.4). The goal is to provide an environment for teachers to collaboratively author learning resources that in turn support and encourage collaborative learning. 
     26This report presents the rationale behind the design of learning object templates [NEED TO OPEN] that will be implemented in the LeMill server software (deliverables D3.3 and D3.4). The goal is to provide an environment for teachers to collaboratively author learning resources that in turn support and encourage collaborative learning. 
    2727 
    2828=== Definitions ===  
     
    3232''“Learning object is any entity, digital or non digital, that may be used for learning, education or teaching.”''  
    3333 
    34 The IEEE's definition has been criticized by number of authors (for instance: Sosteric and Hesemeier, 2002; Polsani 2003; Leinonen 2005). The main concern has been that the definition is too broad. If everything is a "leaening object" nothing is a "learning object". Because of this, in WP3, we have decided to use a slightly different definition. In WP3 we define learning object as follows:  
     34The IEEE's definition has been criticized by number of authors (for instance: Sosteric and Hesemeier, 2002; Polsani 2003; Leinonen 2005). The main concern has been that the definition is too broad. If everything is a "leaening object" nothing is a "learning object". Because of this, in WP3 [NEED TO OPEN], we have decided to use a slightly different definition. In WP3 we define learning object as follows:  
    3535 
    3636''"“Learning object is any entity, digital or non digital, that '''is''' or '''is aimed to be''' used for learning, education or teaching.”'  
     
    3838This means that a person aiming to create a learning object is expected to hold some kind of vision how and in what context the object could be used in learning, education or teaching. The "learning objective likeness" of any object is defined only in the situation where it is finally used. If the creators intension of use of the object in learning, education or teaching is never realized the object will simply loose the "status" of being "learning object". 
    3939 
    40 In WP3 we also decided to make a clear separation between "pieces" and "materials". Pieces are not learning objects – not even learning assets. Piece can be a single image, short audio file, or short video clip. A piece is something that is probably not very useful as such in a learning situation but can be used as a part of larger material or “learning object”. For this reason pieces do not carry any education or learning specific metadata with them. Only materials – build out of pieces - are learning objects. As materials are learning objects, they also carry learning object metadata (LOM) with them. 
     40In WP3 we also decided to make a clear separation between "pieces" and "materials". Pieces are not learning objects – not even learning assets [NEED TO OPEN]. Piece can be a single image, short audio file, or short video clip. A piece is something that is probably not very useful as such in a learning situation but can be used as a part of larger material or “learning object”. For this reason pieces do not carry any education or learning specific metadata with them. Only materials – build out of pieces - are learning objects. As materials are learning objects, they also carry learning object metadata (LOM) with them. [HOW ABOUT A PICTURE/VISUALIZATION?] 
    4141 
    4242'''Templates''' are patterns used to create documents. Some people are familiar with templates from word processing and presentation software. However it is not clear how much they are actually used. In WP3 we use templates for creating learning materials. In WP3 templates are patterns for creating learning materials (learning objects) from pieces. The pieces can be in the person’s wn hard disk or can be found from online database. Into the template the person may add the media pieces – images, audios or videos – to the places predefined and write of copy paste the textual content to field dedicated for them. 
     
    7272=== Multimedia Page Template ===  
    7373 
    74 Multimedia Page template is the default template for creating learning materials in LeMill. It enables users to compose media rich learning materials that may include not only text but also photos, sound clips and videos. The template is designed so that user has control only over semantically meaningful formatting options. Users have limited control over layout and no control over colours and typography. This way we can ensure that all learning materials look professionally designed, well readable and accessible. 
     74Multimedia Page template is the default template for creating learning materials in LeMill. It enables users to compose media rich learning materials that may include not only text but also photos, sound clips and videos. The template is designed so that user has control only over semantically meaningful [NEED TO EXPLAIN] formatting options. Users have limited control over layout and no control over colours and typography. This way we can ensure that all learning materials look professionally designed, well readable and accessible. 
    7575 
    7676The following scenario will describe typical usage of Multimedia Page template: