Changes between Version 50 and Version 51 of ReportLOTdemo


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Timestamp:
07/25/06 12:30:39 (13 years ago)
Author:
teemu
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  • ReportLOTdemo

    v50 v51  
    2323=== Definitions === 
    2424 
    25 '''Learning Objects'''. The concept of "learning objecs" is about a decade old. In 1994 Wayne Hodgins named the CedMA working group as "Learning Arhitectures, APIs and Learning Objects" (Polsani 2003). Holdings idea was to have interoperable pieces of information that could be combined like LEGO blocks (Jacobsen 2001). Since then there have been number of attemts to standardize "learning objects". In 2002 IEEE Learning Techonlogy Standards Committee agreed of the Learning Object Metadata (LOM) standard (IEEE, 2002). Same time it defined the "learning object" as follows: 
     25==== Learning Objects ==== 
     26 
     27The concept of "learning objecs" is about a decade old. In 1994 Wayne Hodgins named the CedMA working group as "Learning Arhitectures, APIs and Learning Objects" (Polsani 2003). Holdings idea was to have interoperable pieces of information that could be combined like LEGO blocks (Jacobsen 2001). Since then there have been number of attemts to standardize "learning objects". In 2002 IEEE Learning Techonlogy Standards Committee agreed of the Learning Object Metadata (LOM) standard (IEEE, 2002). Same time it defined the "learning object" as follows: 
    2628 
    2729''“Learning object is any entity, digital or non digital, that may be used for learning, education or teaching.”'' 
     
    3537In WP3 we also decided to make a clear separation between "pieces" and "materials". Pieces are not learning objects – not even learning assets (pieces of learning content that are smaller than learning objects, and thus not usable by themselves). A piece can be a single image, short audio file, or short video clip. A piece is something that is probably not very useful as such in a learning situation but can be used as a part of larger material or “learning object”. For this reason pieces do not carry any education or learning specific metadata with them. Only materials – build out of pieces - are learning objects. As materials are learning objects, they also carry learning object metadata (LOM) with them. 
    3638 
    37 '''Templates''' are patterns used to create documents. Many people are familiar with templates from word processing and presentation software. However it is not clear how much they are actually used. In WP3 we use templates for creating learning materials. 
     39==== Templages ==== 
     40 
     41Templates are patterns used to create documents. Many people are familiar with templates from word processing and presentation software. However it is not clear how much they are actually used. In WP3 we use templates for creating learning materials. 
    3842 
    3943In WP3 templates are patterns for creating learning materials (learning objects) from pieces. The pieces can be in the person’s own hard disk or can be found from an online database. These media pieces – images, audios or videos – may be added into predefined slots in the template and write or copy & paste the textual content to fields dedicated for them. 
    4044 
    41 '''Collaborative learning''' is an umbrella term for learning activities taking place in an interaction among a group of people. The density of collaboration can - for instance - be broken down to five steps: 
     45==== Collaborative Learning ====  
     46 
     47Collaborative learning is an umbrella term for learning activities taking place in an interaction among a group of people. The density of collaboration can - for instance - be broken down to five steps: 
    4248 
    4349(1) '''Solo activity''' where there are individual objects, individual scripts of process, and little or no communication between subjects; 
     
    5359In WP3 we try to support all these kinds of collaborative learning, from solo activity with little or no communication between the individuals to co-constructive activity that is continuously developing its processes. On the other hand try to enhance collaborative learning among the students taking advantage of the learning materials provided by the system, but also teachers and possible other content producers to learn collaboratively when (co-) constructing the learning materials. 
    5460 
    55 '''Online tools for learning''' can be roughly divided to tools for delivering (1) learning content and for (2) tools for communication. This separation – especially in a digital online world – is however rather artificial. Learning content is of course always communicative. It is always made by someone to be used by someone in some learning situation and context. In the digital online environment the state of affairs are different. First at all the learning content can be under continuous review and improvement. Wikipedia is probably the most well known example of this. Also tracks of online communication may actually become learning content. Newsgroup, online discussion forum and blog posts are examples of tools that are often primarily used for communication, but as all the communication is recorded and archived the material found from these tools can be used as learning materials, as well. 
     61==== Online tools for learning ====  
    5662 
    57 In WP3 we are aiming to support production of shared learning material in a communicative process. The results of the process are expected to be used as source material that will support students co-construction of their own material in a communicative process. 
     63Online tools for learning can be roughly divided to tools for delivering (1) learning content and for (2) tools for communication. This separation – especially in a digital online world – is however rather artificial. Learning content is of course always communicative. It is always made by someone to be used by someone in some learning situation and context. In the digital online environment the state of affairs are different. First at all the learning content can be under continuous review and improvement. Wikipedia is probably the most well known example of this. Also tracks of online communication may actually become learning content. Newsgroup, online discussion forum and blog posts are examples of tools that are often primarily used for communication, but as all the communication is recorded and archived the material found from these tools can be used as learning materials, as well. 
     64 
     65In WP3 we are aiming to support production of shared learning material in a communicative process. The results of the process are expected to be used as source material that will support students co-construction of their own material in a communicative process. Student's own online collaborative processes will be supported with online tools that are particularly designed for this purpose. Fle3 Learning Environment (http://fle3.uiah.fi) is an example of a such tool. 
    5866 
    5967=== Challenges of collaborative learning ===