wiki:VersionNames
Last modified 11 years ago Last modified on 12/15/06 19:04:32

Version names

Each release of LeMill will be be given a symbolic name from the list below. The list is composed of mythological or epic characters from different EU countries' national epics, sagas and stories. The list rotates between different EU countries, so all are represented.

We welcome your contributions! If you'd like to contribute by adding more details, correcting mistakes, or providing us with new mythological characters, please contact tarmo.toikkanen@….

Mythological characters in order of use

One character from each country should be used before another character from the same country is reused. Let's try to be democratic here, or something. :) We'll start with the countries involved in the actual development of LeMill, then with other partner countries.

Louhi (Finland)
Painting of Louhi fighting Väinämöinen (Finnish) Finnish mythology consisted of a belief in various indigenous nature spirits and gods, mixed with the more shamanic influences of the Sami people in the north and the Baltic and Viking influences from the south and the west.

Elements of Finnish mythology survived within oral tradition of mythical poem-singing and folklore well into the 18th century. The first historical mention of the beliefs of the Finns is by the bishop Mikael Agricola in his introduction to the Finnish translation of the New Testament in 1551.

The Finnish version of Hades, the land of dead was Tuonela. It was an underground home or city for all the dead people, not only the good or the bad ones. It was a dark and lifeless place, where everybody slept forever. Still a brave shaman could travel to Tuonela in trance to ask for the forefathers' guidance. To travel to Tuonela, the soul had to cross the dark river of Tuonela. If he had a proper reason, then a boat would come to take him over. Many times a shaman's soul had to trick the guards of Tuonela into believing that he was actually dead.

Louhi is the mistress/goddess of the Underworld (world of the dead). She is described as a powerful witch with the ability to change shape and weave mighty enchantments. She is also the main opponent of Väinämöinen and his group in the battle for the magical artifact Sampo in the Kalevala. She has a number of beautiful daughters, whom Ilmarinen, Lemminkäinen and other heroes attempt to win in various legends. Louhi, in true fairy tale form, sets them difficult to impossible tasks to perform in order to claim such a prize. She is also known as "Pohjan akka" (Mistress of Northland) or "Loviatar".

(see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finnish_mythology, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louhi, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loviatar_%28Mythology%29)

Suur Tõll (Estonia)
Drawing of Suur Tõll by Marleen Saar "In the Golden Age lived in Saaremaa a very powerful hero Suur Tõll. When he was very young he began to show big power. When Suur Tõll was three years old he was very tall and strong. When he wanted to go across the sea he never went by boat, always on foot. There is a huge monument of Suur Tõll in Saaremaa. He is on the sea shore with her woman. Her woman’s name is Piret. Suur Tõll and Piret have got a fishboat in their arms." -- Iris Mũntel

Suur Tõll (Toell the Great) is a character from Estonian mythology. There are many overlaps and similar characters between the Estonian and Finnish mythologies.

Egle – the Queen of Grass-snakes (Lithuania)
A sculpture of Egle in Palanga Egle is the main character of Lithuanian popular fairy-tale and a poem by Lithuanian poetess Salomeja Neris. Egle was a wife of Zilvinas, the King of Grass-snakes (grass-snake (Zaltys) in Lithuania was a deity and a symbol of fertility; they were kept at home as pets). They lived far from Egle’s home, in a kingdom on the bottom of a sea. Egle became a victim of her own family’s treason and cruelty: her family refused to let Egle back during her visit at home. Her brothers learnt from Egle’s daughter a password to call Zilvinas, and killed him. After that Egle turned her three sons and a daughter into trees and became a fir-tree herself, grieving about her husband on the seaside.
Ambiorix -- the rich king (Belgium)
Leader of the Belgian people in the fight against Julius Caesar (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambiorix).
Búri -- the first god (Norway)
Búri was the very first god in Norse mythology, who was licked out of a block of ice by Auðumbla.
Fehérlófia -- A strong boy who battles monsters in hell and returns. (Hungary)
The tale of Fehérlófia in Hungarian
Layli (Arabia)
An old Arabic love story that passed into Persian literary. Older than Romeo and Juliet, it is a tragic story of romantic love between shepherd Madjnun ('madman' because of his love) and Layli, a girl which he is not allowed to marry. Later Leyli/Layla? became symbol of 'Beloved' or 'night' in literature. (see http://www.art-arena.com/majnun.htm and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Layla_and_Majnun)
Aino (Finland)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aino
Peko -- god of crops and barley (Estonia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peko
Iron Wolf
A sculpture of Iron Wolf in Kernave Iron Wolf is a symbol of Vilnius city, the capital of Lithuania. As a legend tells us, after a hunting in a beautiful place between the Neris and Vilnele rivers (the place where Vilnius now resides), Duke Gediminas saw a dream: a huge Iron Wolf on a high hill was howling as a hundred of wolfs. In the morning the prophet explained the meaning of this dream: a strong and well-known in the future city will be build in the place of the hunting. So Vilnius was founded.
Tijl Uilenspiegel
A mix of Robin Hood and Don Quijote who takes care of the poor and laughs at authority (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Till_Eulenspiegel).
Óðinn
Odin (Old Norse Óðinn) is considered the chief god in Norse mythology and Norse paganism (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odin).

Repository of mythological characters

These characters haven't yet been assigned to the sequential list above.

Estonia

Kaval Ants
Kaval Ants "Kaval Ants (Crafted/Sly? Hans) is a character in estonian folklore who usually appears with Vanapagan (the Devil).

He is usually pictured to be a boy in his early twenties doing menial jobs for his master. He usually outsmarts Vanapagan and flees with his wealth, daughter or cattle. Kaval Ants is an exemplary Estonian who always tries to get out of hard jobs or tightspots with his wits." -- Viljar Voog

Vanemuine
Statue of Vanemuine "Vanemuine is an Estonian mythological creature. He is god of singing and dancing. Vanemuine represents Estonian peasants who rested and sang after work. He is a symbol of joy and resting. Vanemuine looks like an old man, he has long white hair and long white beard. He wears Estonian national clothes and he has zither with him all the time. When Vanemuine sat down on a meadow and started to play his zither then people realised that it was party time. Vanemuine is created by Estonian writers Friedrich Robert Faehlmann and Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald. He is also a character in Estonian epic "Kalevipoeg"." -- Ats Allikmets

http://et.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vanemuine, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vanemuine

Hungary

TODO

Norway

TODO (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norse_mythology, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Norse_gods)

Belgium

Lithuania

Finland

Hmm.. this one shouldn't probably be taken too seriously...

Meelis Pikkurikollinen (Estonian hero in Finland)
A young Estonian construction worker who has run into trouble in Finland http://easyreader.hermosawave.net/news2001/0215/mbcrime02.jpg
Teemu: "That's exactly the one who stole my bike last summer."

Colombia

Bochica:: http://allartonline.com/A.nsf/OPRA/SRVV-6RCT7J/$File/V.jpg Bochica is a protector, organizer, teacher and God in Muiscas people's mythology (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muisca). Muiscas use to live up in the Andes highlands, 2600 meters from sea level). Their town was called Bacata. About in the same location exist today Santa Fe de Bogotá, the capitol of Colombia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bogota). Bochica does not really have a shape or character. For Muiscas the symbol of Bochica use to be a blanket or colder dart. Bochica taught for Muiscas all they knew: art, science, crafts etc. Later Bochica has been illustrated to look a bit like the Finnish Väinämöinen. On the other hand Väinämöinen most got his features from Merlin or from some other European tradition of illustrating "wise old man" (compare to Merlin).

Attachments